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Oxycodone: Uses Dosage and Side Effects 

Oxycodone

Oxycodone: Uses Dosage and Side Effects 

About Oxycodone: Uses Dosage and Side Effects 

Pain can be understood as an uncomfortable feeling having symptoms similar to an ache or a pinch but can also be described in many different ways since each person has a different tolerance for pain. Pain is how the nervous system tells you about something wrong in your body. It can also cause symptoms like nausea and weakness and provoke emotions such as anger, depression, mood swings, and irritability.

There are primarily two kinds- 

  1.  Acute pain – Acute pain is a sharp and largely sudden pain that lasts for a brief period and indicates an injury resulting from a disease, injury, or inflammation. In most cases, it is diagnosed and treated.

   2. Chronic pain – Chronic pain can be mild or extreme pain that prevails for an extended duration caused due to a disease that may require ongoing                medicine. 

A set of pain medications is prescribed called pain relievers for treating most kinds of pain.

Types of pain medications –

  1. Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are known to relieve pain and reduce fever caused by muscle stiffness. 
  2. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce inflammation, swelling, fever, and redness. Patients take medicines like Aspirin and Ibuprofen with food or milk.
  3. Opioids are narcotic pain medications. Oxycodone is a synthetic opioid used for excessive pain and is harmful if taken in large doses.

If you have ongoing pain that causes discomfort, your doctor will prescribe you pain medications for its management. In some instances, mild drugs don’t work well. Suppose you have severe ongoing pain that requires a regular prescription, and other medications aren’t helping. In that case, your physician will likely prescribe Oxycodone pills which are classified as an opioid and are very prevalently used as a pain killer in the US. 

What is Oxycodone?

Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic explicitly prescribed for patients with moderate to severe acute or chronic pain. In most instances, the patient has a chronic illness that requires regular pain management drugs. The primary function of Oxycodone is to change how your body feels and responds to pain. Based on the severity of pain, Oxycodone is available in a variety of strengths. It will help if you inform your prescribing doctor about your medical history so they can prescribe the correct dosage for you.

How does Oxycodone function?

Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid and is a moderately potent analgesic known as a mu-receptor agonist and antitussive. It shows its analgesic functions by attaching or binding to the mu-receptors in the CNS. Oxycodone causes hyperpolarization, which increases the negative energy in the nerve cell, inhibiting it from sending nerve impulses or chemical messages to other nerve cells. Simply put, your body tries to send signals to your brain that convey that you are feeling pain. It is the function of Oxycodone to block or inhibit those pain signals from reaching the CNS while also reducing pain. It acts directly in several tissues unrelated to the analgesic effect, like the brainstem’s respiratory center and the medulla’s cough center.

What are the possible side effects caused by Oxycodone?

Oxycodone is an opioid; therefore, it has slightly increased side effects than other pain medications.

The common side effects are-

  •  Nausea
  •  Vomiting
  •  Constipation
  •  Lightheaded feeling
  •  Dizziness or Drowsiness

The common side effects of Oxycodone should go away with time, and however, if they persist, you should inform your doctor.

The severe side effects include-

  •  Sleep apnea or irregular breathing during sleep or shallow breathing
  •  Frequent or excessive mood or behavior changes
  •  Severe pain in the abdomen or the stomach
  •  Difficulty urinating
  •  Signs of your adrenal glands not working correctly like loss of appetite, weight loss, or unusual tiredness
  •  Fainting or seizures

The severe side effects of Oxycodone are rarely noticed in patients, and it is advised to look for medical assistance if you see them immediately. Severe allergic reactions to Oxycodone pills are rare. You should instantly call for medical assistance if you notice symptoms like a rash, itching, throat, tongue, or face swelling, and difficulty breathing.

Precautions to be taken while using Oxycodone

Oxycodone can be habit-forming and addictive, especially if you have previously abused or misused a substance. Oxycodone can cause drowsiness or dizziness, and it is advised that you abstain from using alcohol, cannabis products, and other CNS depressants as they may aggravate your side effects. In the case of an older adult, you may be more sensitive to the side effects of Oxycodone, and you are advised to stick to your dosage and monitor your side effects. If you have had Oxycodone for a long time or in high doses, you may develop a dependence or tolerance. You should notify your doctor if you think the dosage prescribed to you isn’t functioning instead of increasing it on your own. 

How should you use Oxycodone?

Oxycodone is orally administered to people with moderate to severe acute or chronic pain. For adults, it is 5 to 15mg every 4 to 6 hours for acute pain and 2.5 to 10mg every 4 to 6 hours for chronic pain. The dosage of Oxycodone prescribed to you will be based on the medications you are having, your medical condition, and response to treatment. Oxycodone is available as an immediate release tablet and a controlled release tablet. If you have had Oxycodone for a prolonged duration, you are recommended to taper your dosage before you discontinue to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

 

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